WHAT ARE THE EARLY WARNING SIGNS OF DEMENTIA?
• Memory loss
• Difficulty performing daily, familiar tasks
• Problems with language
• Disorientated in terms of time and place
• Decreased judgement
• Difficulty with abstract thinking
• Changes in mood, behaviour and personality
• Loss of initiative or interest
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS OF DEMENTIA?
• Age: Dementia may occur at a younger age, but is more common over the age of 60. The risk to be diagnosed with dementia increases with age.
• Family history and genes: Having Alzheimer’s disease in your family does slightly increase your risk to develop the disease, but the majority of dementias are not inherited.
• Education: Studies show that dementia is less common in people with higher education
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS OF DEMENTIA? (CONTINUED)
• History of stroke and vascular disease
• Alcohol abuse over a long period of time
• History of a head injury
IS THERE TREATMENT FOR DEMENTIA?
Treatment of dementia depends on the cause. There is no cure for dementia, but there are ways to manage symptoms:
• Medication can temporarily improve symptoms
• Occupational Therapy can help to prevent accidents, manage behaviour and teach coping strategies
• Modifying the environment: Remove clutter, noise and safety hazards. This can help someone with dementia to cope and function optimally within their environment
• Modifying tasks: Break tasks into smaller and easier steps, provide structure and have a set routine to reduce confusion in the person with dementia